The Van Trump Report

Interesting to Think About… What Happens to Agriculture When Global Population Peaks?

I recently received an article written by Susan Reidy titled, “Global population paradigm shift“. I encourage you to read it in full detail. In a nutshell it goes into recent data regarding global population shifts and changes and the fact there are already more than 60 countries experiencing population drops, according to the United Nations, including China, which had its first population decline in 60 years, this year falling behind India as the most populous country. 

I included below a few experts from the article that made me stop and think… The full article is worth the read! Click HERE

  • “We keep hearing these Malthusian predictions that we’re going to run out of food or land, but it’s based on the premise of a steadily growing population at a pretty sizable rate. And we’re finding out now those forecasts of steady population growth are not holding. It seems to be changing even more quickly in the last five to 10 years. That’s not enough to build a long-term trend on, but some argue that once we start to see population declines, they’re almost irreversible.” – Chuck Penner, owner of LeftField Commodity Research
  • Right now, the global population is growing at its slowest rate since 1950, according to data from the United Nations. It is expected to grow to about 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050, reaching a peak of about 10.4 billion during the 2080s and holding at that level until 2100.
  • The world’s population reached 8 billion people on Nov. 15, 2022. It took 12 years for the population to grow from 7 billion to 8 billion but will take about 15 years to reach 9 billion, according to the UN, a sign that the overall growth rate is slowing. 
  • Based on data from the United Nations, there are 61 countries or areas where the population is projected to decrease by -1% or more between 2022 and 2050. Of that 61, 26 could see a reduction of at least -10%.
  • “Long slide looms for world population, with sweeping ramifications.” Fertility rates will fall below replacement levels by 2100 in an estimated 183 countries and territories (out of 195 in the world). – NY Times
  • Two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman, the level required for zero growth in the long run for a population with low mortality, according to the UN’s “World Population Prospects 2022.” Fertility in all European countries is below the level required for full replacement, and in many cases has been below that level for several decades.
  • The population is also aging, which means a change in eating habits meaning fewer calories consumed. SwineTex says total caloric consumption is expected to decline by -10% to -15% in the next 30 years.
  • The areas of population growth are shifting to developing countries and regions such as Southeast Asia and Africa, where the UN said more than half of the global population growth will happen between now and 2050.  India is expected to keep growing from 1.429 billion people currently to 1.67 billion by 2050. It is among the eight countries expected to account for more than half of the projected increase in global population up to 2050. Other countries include the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.
  • The two regions with the fastest declining populations (Asia and Europe) represent 43% of total US agriculture exports in 2021, according to SwineTex, a swine management consulting company based in Texas, US, serving the global pork industry. In comparison, the fastest growing populations (Middle East/North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa) represent only 6.2% of total US ag exports.

If you are further interested, there was an article released by LiveScience earlier this year that argues the world population could peak in 2050 and tumble to around 6 billion people by 2100. Click HERE

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